Every individual has different levels of immunity based on how he takes care of his body. Your body might be able to fight a particular disease, but it isn’t necessary that your friends’ body can fight it.
Washing your hands regularly, drinking plenty of water, getting sufficient sleep and appropriate nutrition are great ways to reduce the risk of an illness. Understanding more about the human immune response will also help in reducing the risk.
There are two branches within our immune systems that provides defense against infections – Innate immunity and adaptive immunity.
Innate Immunity provides the first line of defence from infection. As the term suggest, it’s an innate process which is inborn. An example of this response can be seen when we get a splinter under the skin. Within a few seconds, swelling with pain and redness appear which indicates an immune response.
Swelling is due to the white blood cells that arrive at the splinter which attacks the foreign substance, which can be a wooden splinter and the bacteria it carries. The redness shows that the healing has begun.
Adaptive immunity is the second level of defense the immune system sets up. The immune system ‘adapts’ itself to a pathogen. It finds a way to eliminate an invader quickly and efficiently, based on the pathogen’s own characteristics. Vaccinations help our immune systems to produce antibodies to certain diseases without getting the disease. Despite the antibodies, viruses often mutate. Our bodies may produce antibodies to fight one form of a virus but if the virus is mutated, it becomes useless. This is why it is a challenge to Centres of Disease control in updating the vaccines.
Healthy ways to boost your Immune system
Our first line of defense is to choose a healthy lifestyle. Good health guidelines are the best steps towards naturally keeping your immune system strong and healthy.
Here are some strategies that you can implement.
- Do not smoke
- If you drink alcohol, drink moderately.
- Eat a healthy diet that consists of fruits and vegetables.
- Get sufficient sleep.
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Exercise regularly.
- Prevent infections by washing your hands frequently and cooking meat thoroughly.
- And minimize stress.
By the end of the day, your contribution to your health will make the difference for you to fight any kind of a disease that will come your way.